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Discussion in 'Travel Stories' started by giradman, May 26, 2015.
Here are some original battle maps from July 2, 1863.
Hi Scifan.. - glad that you enjoyed the 'second day' post - those Civil War B&W photos are so sobering - the first major war that realistic pictures from the battlefield were taken in large numbers and shocking to the civilian population reading the newspapers of the day and seeing those images - the numbers of casualties in these battles and the horrifying photographs must have been almost 'sickening' to many - below a little discussion of Civil War photography from the Civil War Trust - below a stereoscopic set from Petersburg.
P.S. thanks again for posting the historic maps - these are quite beautiful - Dave
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain - An Amazing American!
One of my favorite personages from the Civil War is Chamberlain - my brief summary of his life below (mainly from the link given) - I've read several biographies on him and am always amazed at what he accomplished - if you want a Civil War hero to admire, then he is an excellent choice.
Some pics below of him and his Medal of Honor; his statue memorial at Bowdoin College; and the ultimate sign of respect, a beer named after him! Now, I've been to Maine many times and cannot remember drinking that brew, but will do so on my next visit - Dave
Great post, especially the part about Chamberlain.
The Civil War was the first large scale war in which mechanization was used to a significant degree. This would include trains, observation balloons, and the first automatic weapons(Gatling Gun).
Thanks again - Chamberlain was one of my favorite characters in the Civil War and such an accomplished person in so many other ways.
The Civil War did indeed see so many developments as mentioned above and in previous posts, such as the 'iron' ships & the Hunley. Concerning guns and cannons, a great 3-part video series (nearly 3 hours) is the Guns of the Civil War narrated by Charles Martin Smith - produced in 1993 (I own a single DVD of all episodes) - can be a little slow in parts but much is discussed and illustrated. Dave
Battle of Gettysburg - Third Day
On the third day of the battle, Lee wanted to repeat his plans from the previous day (more in the first quote below and in the link) - James Longstreet, second in command, was against the frontal assault on the center of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge, where W.S. Hancock was in charge. The first two images below are repeated from previous posts for an appreciation of the Confederate march/charge - nearly a mile separated Seminary Ridge (blue arrow on the Pennsylvania monument, approximately where Hancock was positioned) and Cemetery Ridge (white arrow on the Virginia Monument, where Lee was observing); also, an additional dramatic view from the latter ridge.
The battle map shows the flanking maneuvers attempted which failed and the dramatic central charge across those fields (plus stone walls & fences); the latter is often called Pickett's Charge (a misnomer) - Longstreet gave the command for multiple Confederate units totaling about 12,500 men - some of the generals in charge included Trimble, Pettigrew, Pickett, & Armistead (the latter two shown below). Several artistic depictions of the charge added (the first from the Cyclorama discussed previously). The South suffered over 50% casualties in the charge with the loss of dozens of officers, including the death of Lewis Armistead - a monument on the battlefield marks the place where he was fatally wounded, and plenty of other monuments are placed along Hancock Avenue (see diagram - blue arrow on the PA Monument).
Several large calvary battles occurred that day - the major one pitted J.E.B. Stuart against George Armstrong Custer, who was a brevet Union general and only 23 years old that day (he would die in 1876 at the Little Big Horn in command of the 7th Calvary). One last post on Gettysburg to be added discussing the aftermath of this 3-day conflict. Dave
I believe that the USS Monitor was the first vessel that mounted it's guns in a rotating turret, allowing it to fire in any direction without changing course. It didn't take long for other naval architects to copy this idea. It was the beginning of the end for guns mounted in fixed broadsides.
Here are some original maps of the third day of battle at Gettysburg.
The Monitor was certainly a revolutionary ship - first quote below showing the projected astounding cost in today's dollars, i.e. $7,400,000! And the design and construction included over 40 inventions patented by John Ericsson.
From the second quote (Source), the revolving turret was the invention of Theodore Timby, an American, who worked on the concept in the 1840s but until the onset of the Civil War there was apparently little interest in Washington, D.C. But the last sentence in that second quote is worth repeating in bold - This was the first-ever battle fought between two armored warships and marked a turning point in naval warfare. Dave
Hi Scifan.. - thanks for the historic maps, again! And also your interest is much appreciated. Dave