Salem's Decline Post-Civil War The Civil War and post-war reconstruction ended the growth and economic prosperity of Salem; the Bank of Cape Fear in the town collapsed and the Salem businesses w/ funds and stocks tied up in that bank faced ruin. Reconstruction brought an end to Salem’s domination as the trade and business center of the region. Most of the commercial growth in the area was now taking place in Winston. The Hanes brothers established a tobacco factory in Winston in 1872; in 1884, RJ Reynolds came to Winston and built a two-story tobacco factory which launched an empire. In between, railroad service expanded into the area. By the late 19th century, Salem had lost its identity as a unique, self-contained town. In 1888, there were 8,000 people in Winston and about 3000 in Salem. This discrepant population ratio continued into the early 1900s when the cities united in 1913 and became the hyphenated city of Winston-Salem, but these are stories yet to be told. Several quotes below about Salem around the time of the Civil War - check link for more information (Source) - Old Salem is now on the 'North Carolina Civil Wars Trails'. Not many pics to show in this post - there have been many books written on North Carolina and the Civil War - the one shown below concentrates on one of the Forsyth/Winston-Salem regiments. Most of the major battles in the state occurred in the east as shown by the map. Near the end of the war, Union General George Stoneman raided throughout western North Carolina as shown by the second map. My attention in the next posts will turn toward what was happening in Winston, still a separate town in the latter half of the 19th century. Dave P.S. Many southern states have monuments dedicated to the Confederacy and its soldiers - the last pic below is the one in downtown Winston-Salem near the Reynolds Building. Many of these have become controversial and I have no desire to start a discussion on this issue here, but for those interested, there is plenty of information on the web, such as this recent article. .