Winston-Salem and Triad North Carolina

Discussion in 'Travel Stories' started by giradman, Jun 14, 2016.

  1. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Salem's Decline Post-Civil War

    The Civil War and post-war reconstruction ended the growth and economic prosperity of Salem; the Bank of Cape Fear in the town collapsed and the Salem businesses w/ funds and stocks tied up in that bank faced ruin. Reconstruction brought an end to Salem’s domination as the trade and business center of the region.

    Most of the commercial growth in the area was now taking place in Winston. The Hanes brothers established a tobacco factory in Winston in 1872; in 1884, RJ Reynolds came to Winston and built a two-story tobacco factory which launched an empire. In between, railroad service expanded into the area. By the late 19th century, Salem had lost its identity as a unique, self-contained town.

    In 1888, there were 8,000 people in Winston and about 3000 in Salem. This discrepant population ratio continued into the early 1900s when the cities united in 1913 and became the hyphenated city of Winston-Salem, but these are stories yet to be told.

    Several quotes below about Salem around the time of the Civil War - check link for more information (Source) - Old Salem is now on the 'North Carolina Civil Wars Trails'. Not many pics to show in this post - there have been many books written on North Carolina and the Civil War - the one shown below concentrates on one of the Forsyth/Winston-Salem regiments. Most of the major battles in the state occurred in the east as shown by the map. Near the end of the war, Union General George Stoneman raided throughout western North Carolina as shown by the second map.

    My attention in the next posts will turn toward what was happening in Winston, still a separate town in the latter half of the 19th century. Dave :)

    P.S. Many southern states have monuments dedicated to the Confederacy and its soldiers - the last pic below is the one in downtown Winston-Salem near the Reynolds Building. Many of these have become controversial and I have no desire to start a discussion on this issue here, but for those interested, there is plenty of information on the web, such as this recent article.

    .
    CivilWar_2.jpg CivilWar_3.jpg CivilWar_4.jpg CivilWar_5.jpg CivilWar_1.jpg
     
  2. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    For those reading this thread, Susan & I are going on a short trip tomorrow to the Tennessee Mountains, northeast of Knoxville - a one day trip will be to the Cumberland Gap National Park where Daniel Boone found a way to cross the Appalachian Mountains into Tennessee & Kentucky - a new visit for us. BUT, I'll return to this thread since MUCH else needs to be covered in my review of Winston-Salem - Dave :)
     
  3. scifan57

    scifan57
    Expand Collapse
    Administrator
    Staff Member

    Joined:
    Dec 3, 2011
    Messages:
    29,014
    Thanks Received:
    11,031
    I await your thread on the Cumberland Gap.:)
     
  4. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Will add some additional posts to my Knoxville travelogue - looking forward to seeing where Daniel Boone developed a 'gap' between the mountains! :) Dave
     
    #44 giradman, Jun 21, 2016
    Last edited: Jun 25, 2016
  5. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Post-Civil War Winston & Salem

    Well, several months ago, the last posts to this travelogue discussed the effects of the Civil War on Salem w/ its decline as the companion community of Winston emerged and prospered as the county seat with the arrival of a number of important individuals (particularly RJ Reynolds & the Hanes family), who established important industries in the town related to tobacco initially, but expanding into textiles and furniture; railroad activity was also important - short quote below of this development (Source).

    Richard Joshua Reynolds began his tobacco empire in Winston in 1875, and by the time of his death, he had become the wealthiest man in North Carolina. The legacy of the Reynolds family to the Winston-Salem community over the decades of the 20th century were astounding, including land donated (e.g. Wake Forest University Campus, just a single example) and money infused into the area, mainly for philanthropic purposes. The Reynolds tobacco buildings were mainly in the downtown area initially, and then expanded near the Wake Forest campus - a number of these downtown warehouses have been developed into the Wake Forest Biotech Place (see second quote below w/ pics) - much more to talk about relative to the impact of the Reynolds family and company on our community - additional images below w/ labels - further posts to follow! :) Dave

    .
    RJ_Reynolds.jpg ReynoldsFamily.png Screen Shot 2016-06-18 at 4.39.37 PM.png Screen Shot 2016-09-05 at 6.08.24 PM.png Screen Shot 2016-06-18 at 4.45.12 PM.png Screen Shot 2016-06-18 at 4.54.30 PM.png
     
    • Like Like x 1
    • Informative Informative x 1
    • List
  6. scifan57

    scifan57
    Expand Collapse
    Administrator
    Staff Member

    Joined:
    Dec 3, 2011
    Messages:
    29,014
    Thanks Received:
    11,031
    In Canada any philanthropic and charitable activities by tobacco companies are prohibited by law so you'd never see anything like the activities of R.J. Reynolds in Canada.
     
    • Like Like x 1
    • Informative Informative x 1
    • List
  7. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Well, legal then here, but a 'thorny' issue, especially in those decades early in my medical career while an intern at the medical center in Winston-Salem - this was in 1971 when 'smoking vs. human disease' was really coming to the forefront - remember the C. Everett Koop efforts back then; I can still recall my 'Pulmonary Rotation' and many of my patients were being treated for emphysema due to smoking - as this issue became more powerful and as Reynolds declined, much money that went into the community to support arts, festivals, and a local Seniors Golf tournament disappeared - now, the most important contributor to our local economy is the health care industry by far. Dave :)
     
  8. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Winston & Salem Merge in 1913 to become the hyphenated town of Winston-Salem

    The towns of Salem and Winston were duplicating many communal and civil activities which could be easily incorporated into one city government w/ unification of services at reduced cost - after a failed attempt at the end of the 19th century, the two towns were 'united' in 1913 - an excellent video was made on the 100th anniversary of this merger (see pic below) - almost an hour in length and available on PBS HERE - check the link, if interested - works on my laptop. Dave :)

    .
    Screen Shot 2016-09-05 at 6.20.29 PM.png P1020724.JPG
     
    • Like Like x 1
    • Informative Informative x 1
    • List
  9. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Reynolda House - RJ Reynolds Estate he never enjoyed - now a Museum of American Art

    Reynolda House was opened in 1917 in the country at the time - occupied by Katharine Reynolds and her family (show in a previous pic); RJ Reynolds was dying from pancreatic cancer and never enjoyed the house - being in the country, an entire area of out buildings served the main house - these are now called Reynolda Village (see the aerial map) - now mostly shops & restaurants.

    Reynolda House is now a local museum of American Art (as shown below) - the property can be toured and has a small but excellent collection of art works by American artists - in addition, there is a new Babcock wing which has a gallery for traveling exhibits (we've seen many w/ a Grant Wood exhibit opening soon) and also a nice performance hall for musical presentations. If in Winston-Salem, a MUST visit for the beauty and historic interest. Below some pics of the outside & inside of the house - art work is on the walls of the various rooms - three levels can be visited. Dave :)

    .
    ReynoldHouse_A1.jpg ReynoldHouse_A2.png ReynoldHouse_A3.jpg ReynoldHouse_A4.jpg ReynoldHouse_B1.jpg ReynoldHouse_B2.jpg ReynoldHouse_B3.jpg ReynoldHouse_B4.jpg ReynoldHouse_B5.jpg ReynoldHouse_B6.png
     
    #49 giradman, Sep 5, 2016
    Last edited: Sep 5, 2016
  10. giradman

    giradman
    Expand Collapse
    iPad Wizard

    Joined:
    Apr 26, 2011
    Messages:
    7,305
    Thanks Received:
    6,903
    Reynolda House - Just Some of the Works of Art!

    Reynolda House is a beautiful place but not that large - the art work is hung on the walls throughout the numerous rooms - despite the 'limited' number, the works presented, their quality, and the reputation of the artists are impressive - below is just a sampling of what there is to see - many more are on exhibit. Dave :)
    .
    1966_2_7_m1_2011.jpg 1966_2_9_m1_0000.jpg 1967_2_1_m1_2010.jpg 1967_2_3_m1_2011.jpg 1967_2_4_m1_2011.jpg 1968_2_1_m1_2011.jpg 1969_2_2_m1_2011.jpg 1978_2_2_m1_2010.jpg
     

Share This Page


Search tags for this page

best cameras

,

news